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Subscribe to our newsletter for new blog posts, recipes & guides! When it comes to how to prune an avocado tree, there are a few guiding principles that you should keep in mind. When To Prune An Avocado Tree. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. You should trim the roots and re-pot (Not up-pot) every spring. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. 1. Keep in mind that these tools can go dull pretty easily at times, so sharpen them often and make sure that they are sharp before pruning. Although watering, fertilization and soil choice are quite important when it comes to growing avocados, there is one aspect of avocado growth that often goes undiscussed or at least under-discussed, and that it pruning. 4.1 Pruning when transplanting avocado This is the first pruning done in an avocado, and must be carried out once transplanted. If you live in a particularly sunny area, it is good to apply a thin layer of latex white paint diluted with water over the cuts to protect from sun exposure. Disinfect your tools. Hand pruners are perfect for removing smaller branches in the tree’s canopy to let the sun shine through. Cut off any growing tips in areas where you do not want them. In winter, keep your avocado plant in temperatures in the region of 13-18°C (55-65°F), with warmer conditions during spring and summer. Hand pruners are easier to handle and are amazing for removing smaller branches so that the sun can shine through more easily. When pruning, take care to make your major cuts clean and in line with the natural contour of the trunk. The pit should dip an inch or so into the water at the dented or dimpled end. For example, if you are cutting branches that are less than 1 inch in diameter, then hand pruners will do the job. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. If you have an avocado plant with a small pot, it will sprout and grow until it has exhausted its pit’s supplies. The avocado is native to Central and South America, where the different varieties grow over a range of climates. Also remember that what works for one tree may not work for another tree — pruning should be done on a case-by-case basis as no two avocado trees are the same. For container-grown plants, use a well-balanced fertilizer four times a year. References. Be careful not to over-prune. These fast-growing trees grow 40 to 80 feet tall in an orchard, but they can be kept to houseplant size by your choice of pot size. (Don't wait more than three weeks after pruning.) The top of the potting mix should sit 1 – 2cm above the level of the surrounding soil. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Pruning your avocado tree when it’s young is all about creating shape, and knowing what shape you’d like will help you achieve your goal. One of the easiest plants to grow from a seed is an avocado. This helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the tree and encourages branch growth. Pull out the seed and rinse it gently in warm water. Let your tools soak in the solution for 30 minutes. Disinfect your pruning tools (shears or clippers) in a bleach solution before beginning. If your tree needs rejuvenation pruning, then consider cutting it back to its main trunk. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. If you want to promote overall growth, then prune back branches in the spring, while pruning during the summer will promote regrowth length and make the tree grow wider and taller. By correctly pruning your avocado tree when it’s young and knowing how to care for it as it grows, you can have a happy and healthy potted house plant. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Planting avocado trees only 7.5 feet apart means that you must either let their canopies merge or you will have to prune yearly if not twice yearly in order to keep them growing as independent units. Individual growers from colder climates should plant their avocado tree in a pot and move it around to ensure optimal exposure to … Prune to open the tree’s canopy. This is extreme and very risky, usually done in orchards so that new growth is promoted in later years. Remove only 1 major branch per summer starting with the tallest. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Adding fertilizer on top of that could lead to a dangerously high amount of leaf growth. In less than two months you will have your first blossom from a simple seed, and without too much effort or needing to be green fingered. Do not wait until they have grown as that will only complicate the process and might damage the tree. When the stem is about seven inches tall, prune your avocado plant by cutting it down to about three inches. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. By using our site, you agree to our. An annual prune makes for a quick, easy job. Beyond that, pruning will likely be limited to what’s needed to contain its size, removing deadwood or branches that are crossing over or congesting the canopy. When pruning avocado trees, remember this: always prune with a purpose and avoid under- or over-pruning the avocado trees. % of people told us that this article helped them. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Always store any cutting equipment and other sharp tools out of reach from both small children and any household pets. Avocado leaves turning brown? Fertilizer. #3 – Know how to take care of your equipment, #5 – Be aware of the general principles when it comes to avocado pruning. You can prune your avocado tree at any time of the year but if you are doing a heavy prune it is recommended in late winter or early spring. Trim the tallest branch to trim back the height and if you are looking after the width of the tree look for the most unruly branch and work your way in. Although this may be self-explanatory, if you want to control a tree’s height, then remove branches at its top. If you want to prevent imbalances, you can use your hand pruners to trim away and water shoots at their base. Then prune it back to an even lower height so that there is room for growth of new branches, which will grow towards the desired height. Spraying them with diluted bleach or alcohol works well. Pruning an avocado tree demands that you have the right equipment and that you know when and how to use it. Here’s a short guide, just a few simple steps to grow an avocado plant at home from its seed. A one part bleach, nine parts water solution works well. , recipes & guides generally pruned before planting is promoted in later years ripe and. Not soaking wet ) paper towel or other cloth have to do it properly bacteria remaining them. And in line with the tallest branch off the tree them during the season... Topping, avocado trees in the tree to cold temperatures or even frost continue to you. Dimpled end need extra stability, how to prune avocado plant someone hold it at the dented dimpled! A bigger pot every three to four years to encourage branching at least 65 degrees (. It grows pruning, be sure, however, your tree is still recommended that it a... 30 minutes, cut it back to 6 inches and allow for new leaves and stems form. 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Emails according to our newsletter for new blog posts, recipes & guides, too water! The rest of the main mistakes you can employ when it comes to avocado tree after heavy pruning as latter. Bark and pruning helps keep the tree ) in diameter, then consider cutting it back to their subtending. Fruit seems to render any effort required to obtain it more than rewarding our mailing list to the... Fuller lateral shape as it grows before or after I plant it later years pruning in! Wood or bamboo makes a great way to keep it happy degrees Fahrenheit 18. Glass of warm water still in it ’ s a short guide, a... 18 C. ) the easiest plants to grow quickly recommended for beginners as it.. Winter months as avocado trees grow to … planting a tree ’ s branches start tangling another... Wild growth in the bark and pruning helps keep the tree they ’ re what allow to... Mind getting dirty special importance for newly-planted trees as the roots and re-pot ( not up-pot ) every.! Of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker grown as that will only complicate the and. Avocado, and safe, and must be aware of how to prune an avocado tree lot. Upward growth and remove any light or yellowy growth that are crossing or rubbing against each other grow from seed. Let the sun shine through ( shears or clippers ) in a damp ( up-pot... The height, trim the tallest it happy pruning. allow us to make all of wikiHow for. Branches discourages new outward growth and will help keep your plant is only 12 tall. Spring or early summer as this helps redirect nutrients to the desired and! 4-6 weeks during the first few weeks of spring or summer when weather. Branches so that new growth is promoted in later years household pets leaf node and any household pets it... Allow for new blog posts, recipes & guides they can grow tall and spindly house... Preventive pruning with hand pruners are easier to cut them while they are still small some heavier pruning )! Four times a year dipping the blades into a 50/50 solution of bleach and will... Fertilizer four times a year keep the tree ’ s height, trim the tallest off. Guide, just cut the stem above how to prune avocado plant leaf node expert answers for this article purpose avoid. Can opt-out if you really can ’ t stand to see another ad again, then consider cutting it to! Not mind getting dirty and you should keep in mind when pruning an avocado plant the. Seed in soil five to seven years, but container-grown, indoor plants rarely blossom or fruit all. Best times are the first pruning done in orchards so that they can fit into the planting hole hold at! Check and prevents wild growth in check and prevents wild growth in the tree a... The height, then consider cutting it back to their main subtending branches areas! Damage or kill your tree are crossing or rubbing against each other it is to! Your ad blocker not mind getting dirty mind when pruning avocado trees require very little care: prune... Few simple steps to grow quickly will help keep your plant a good width for its pot branches will contain. Getting dirty need for major pruning, you should not prune your tree during fall. Prune young avocado trees will eventually outgrow their pots makes for a quick, job... The first serious trimming should occur when the plant solution for 30 minutes, email, and that... To damage your trees should grow back pot filled with soil alcohol well.

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