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What really is a sound card driver in MS-DOS? Development of a surface acoustic wave sensor array for the detection of methanol in fuel vapours. Assoc Off Anal Chem 74(2):248-256. Keep combustibles (e.g., wood, paper, and oil) away from the spilled agent. 11, page 405. Washing your skin was the best you could do. Most methanol poisonings occur as a result of drinking beverages contaminated with methanol or from drinking methanol-containing products. Formate is toxic. J Agric Univ Puerto Rico 69(2):135-144. Z Gesamte Hyg 35(2):96-97. See the Decontamination section for patient/victim decontamination procedures. Methyl alcohol (CH 3 OH) is a colorless liquid with a strong odor. Methanol is a flammable liquid and can pose a serious fire risk. As your profile says, you're in your thirties, and thus are considered an adult. J However, a specialist's advice is the best in this case. Always use a barrier or bag-valve-mask device. Prolonged or repeated contact with skin may cause redness, itching, irritation and eczema/chapping. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Remove PPE by rolling downward (from head to toe) and avoid pulling PPE off over the head. If shortness of breath occurs or breathing is difficult (dyspnea), administer oxygen. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after the fire is out. IMPORTANT NOTE: Interim AEGLs are established following review and consideration by the National Advisory Committee for AEGLs (NAC/AEGL) of public comments on Proposed AEGLs. In your case biochemists defined PEL (permissible exposure limit). In: NIOSH Manual of analytical methods. If methanol comes into contact with the eyes, flush immediately with tepid Ophthalmologic: visual disturbances, blurred vision, sensitivity to light (photophobia), visual hallucinations (misty vision, skin over the eyes, snowstorm, dancing spots, flashes), partial to total loss of vision, and rarely eye pain. Lower Explosion Limit (LEL) = 55,000 ppm Skin permeability, for all chemicals or just some? This article discusses poisoning from an overdose of methanol. Using a fidget spinner to rotate in outer space. Talanta 44(9):1683-1690. Do not touch or walk through the spilled agent if at all possible. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant STATE or TERRITORY legislation before use. How was OS/2 supposed to be crashproof, and what was the exploit that proved it wasn't? The reference in your answer says a diet soda can produce 20 milligrams. For information on who to contact in an emergency, see the CDC website at or call the CDC public response hotline at (888) 246-2675 (English), (888) 246-2857 (Español), or (866) 874-2646 (TTY). @everyone Thanks everyone for adding a little humor to my panic attack :) I know that such small volumes of toxic chemicals can often be taken care of by your body, but 1) SDS's are horrible at describing the amount of exposure (in human-intuitive units) that cause those scary effects they outline, and 2) I work with stuff that's 1 x 10^6 more dangerous than methanol (say like methyl vinyl ketone), where one drop on your skin can hospitalize you. Thoroughly wash and rinse (using cold or warm water) the contaminated skin of the patient/victim using a soap and water solution. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. See the PPE section of this card for detailed information. Toxicity of Methyl alcohol (Methanol) Following Skin Absorption and Inhalation Carey P. Mccord Cite this: Ind. A Totally-Encapsulating Chemical Protective (TECP) suit that provides protection against CBRN agents. Always stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. A NIOSH-certified CBRN tight-fitting APR with a canister-type gas mask or CBRN PAPR for air levels greater than AEGL-2. Hand any evidence over to the FBI. In any case, the internet is no place to get medical advice. Wash and rinse (using cold or warm water) until the contaminant is thoroughly removed. Marley NA, Gaffney JS [1998]. Contact of skin with methanol can produce mild dermatitis in humans. What location in Europe is known for its pipe organs? Chemistry Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for scientists, academics, teachers, and students in the field of chemistry. In this case, methanol evaporates well and is poisoned by vapors that penetrate the skin and respiratory tract intensively. Move the patient/victim to an area where emergency medical treatment can be provided. If breathing has ceased (apnea), provide artificial respiration. Be careful not to break the patient/victim’s skin during the decontamination process, and cover all open wounds. Concerning permanent blindness, this case reported in the. NMAM Method 2000 Methanol. So spilling methanol on your skin is serious, but the amount in your case is relatively small. Immediately remove the patient/victim from the source of exposure. For values denoted as ** extreme safey considerations against the hazard(s) of explosion(s) must be taken into account Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. Caution: The agent has a very low flash point. Simple Hadamard Circuit gives incorrect results? Remove the patient/victim from the contaminated area and into the decontamination corridor. It seemed like a small amount (1-3mL) on my skin. Lower explosive (flammable) limit in air (LEL), 6.0%; upper explosive (flammable) limit in air (UEL), 36%. They will spread along the ground and collect and stay in poorly-ventilated, low-lying, or confined areas (e.g., sewers, basements, and tanks). Methanol vapors may be heavier than air. One decontamination corridor is used to enter the warm zone and the other for exiting the warm zone into the cold zone. Leibrock E, Slemr J [1997]. Interim AEGLs are available for use by organizations while awaiting NRC/NAS peer review and publication of Final AEGLs. Human biology isn't really something anyone will be able to give statements about without empirical observation. The agent will be easily ignited by heat, sparks, or flames. Platinum nanoparticles with TiO 2 –skin as a durable catalyst for photoelectrochemical methanol oxidation and electrochemical oxygen reduction reactions Author links open overlay panel Shuai Kang a d 1 Fan Xia b 1 Zhuofeng Hu c Wei Hu e Yin … For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from the area and let the fire burn. Method for measurement of volatile oxygenated hydrocarbons in ambient air. One of the crystal meth side effects on the skin is skin irritation that causes frequent scratching. You were exposed to methanol in the dermal way, not ingestion. Mixtures of methanol vapor and air are explosive. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Chess Construction Challenge #5: Can't pass-ant up the chance! LuaLaTeX: Is shell-escape not required? Decontaminate remains before they are removed from the incident site. Atmos Environ 32(8):1435-1444. Coordinate responsibilities and prepare to enter the scene as part of the evaluation team along with the FBI HazMat Technician, local law enforcement evidence technician, and other relevant personnel. Run-off to sewers may create an explosion hazard. Repeated short-term exposures can also lead to such symptoms. First, methanol (whether it enters the body by ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through the skin) can be fatal due to its CNS depressant properties in the same manner as ethanol poisoning. Soft brushes should be available to remove contamination from the PPE. Labeled, durable 6-mil polyethylene bags should be available for disposal of contaminated PPE. Are "intelligent" systems able to bypass Uncertainty Principle? Do not direct water at the spill or the source of the leak. Somebody was off by a factor of 1000 at Christus Spohn Hospital and: It might be worth mentioning that ethanol is an antidote for methanol poisoning. How can I safely leave my air compressor on at all times? Methanol (or methyl alcohol) should not be used as a hand sanitizer, hand rub, or surface cleaner to kill the virus that causes the COVID-19 ("coronavirus") disease. Methanol analysis by gas-chromatography–comparative-study using 3 different columns. However, it is toxic in large amounts and causes blindness and death. Update the question so it's on-topic for Chemistry Stack Exchange. It decomposes on heating producing carbon monoxide and formaldehyde. Move containers from the fire area if it is possible to do so without risk to personnel. Methanol’s primary routes of entry into the body are by inhalation, absorption through the skin as a result of contact, eye contact, and ingestion by either eating or drinking. Ethanol Does NOT Cause Oxidation Within the Skin Oxidation is not just for humans: Oxidation in iron, shown above, results in rust. Skin … Methanol Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. What are these capped, metal pipes in our yard? Water: Methanol can be used to contaminate water. Coveralls, long underwear, a hard hat worn under the chemical-resistant suit, and chemical-resistant disposable boot-covers worn over the chemical-resistant suit are optional items. A comparison of flame ionization and ozone chemiluminescence for the determination of atmospheric hydrocarbons. Is Mr. Biden the first to create an "Office of the President-Elect" set? Martinezsegura G, Rivera MI, Garcia LA [1985]. A NIOSH-certified CBRN PAPR with a loose-fitting face-piece, hood, or helmet and a filter or a combination organic vapor, acid gas, and particulate cartridge/filter combination or a continuous flow respirator for air levels greater than AEGL-1. De Paula PP, Santos E, De Freitas FT, De Andrade JB [1999]. As some of this methanol will evaporate and the rest will eventually be absorbed by the skin you might not be in serious trouble. Perform a thorough external evaluation and a preliminary identification check. A hooded chemical-resistant suit that provides protection against CBRN agents. What should I do? Methyl Alcohol Method 91. Salt Lake City, UT. Why are some Old English suffixes marked with a preceding asterisk? Methanol is a colourless, polar, volatile, flammable liquid with a mild alcoholic odour when pure. Want to improve this question? rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Chemistry Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hazardous concentrations may develop quickly in enclosed, poorly-ventilated, or low-lying areas. Tyras H [1989]. Hand sanitizers containing methanol, or wood alcohol, present a danger to individuals as the substance can be toxic when absorbed through the skin … A solution of detergent and water (which should have a pH value of at least 8 but should not exceed a pH value of 10.5) should be available for use in decontamination procedures. Atmos Environ 31(20):3329-3339. Food: Methanol may be used to contaminate food. Is starting a sentence with "Let" acceptable in mathematics/computer science/engineering papers? Spectrophotometric determination of methyl alcohol in the atmosphere. Begin washing PPE of the first responder using soap and water solution and a soft brush. PEL is mainly important when it comes to deciding about for example "will the mineral water of that source be applicable for everyday-use of humans?" But I agree with you in the part "if you're concerned you should call your local poison control center. NIOSH, CDC 2003. And according to here, (in which you're considered to be supposedly exposed short-termly) if you didn't have headaches there couldn't be any problem. Position the decontamination corridor upwind and uphill of the hot zone. 77, No. Chemical-resistant boots with a steel toe and shank. Hand Sanitizers Subject to FDA Safety Warning Alcohol Antiseptic 70% Solution or 80% Solution, manufactured by Ignacio Reyes Gonzalez (NDC: 77196-001-02, 77196-001-05 to 77196-001-08, 77196-002-01 to 77196-002-10) A 44-year-old man in the Southwest, seeking medical treatment after his vision suddenly deteriorated in late spring, admitted that he had been drinking hand sanitizer for a few days. I already washed the affected area thoroughly with soap and water. Can a planet have asymmetrical weather seasons? Low blood pressure (hypotension) and respiratory arrest occur when death is imminent. All over the body, the skin will appear to be dry, cracked, gray, and full of … Methanol can enter the body through the skin or the eyes; its effect is different to gasoline which is similarly to be avoided, since it is especially likely to dry the skin through solvent action. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Product: Methanol Revision Date: 01/04/2013 2/8 Skin Contact: Causes irritation. ), the medical situation of the exposed (other ailments or symptoms that can aggravate the harmful effect of a special kind of chemical) and so forth. If you are concerned you should call your local poison control center. 4th ed. Safety Data Sheet according to 29CFR1910/1200 and GHS Rev. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure. Assist ventilation as required. Does a small splash like that warrant medical evaluation? It is a poisonous substance that can be absorbed through the eyes, skin, lungs, and digestive system. For values denoted as * safety consideration against the hazard(s) of explosion(s) must be taken into account In the event of a poison emergency, call the poison center immediately at 1-800-222-1222. If a tank, rail car, or tank truck is involved in a fire, isolate it for 0.5 mi (800 m) in all directions; also consider initial evacuation for 0.5 mi (800 m) in all directions. It’s often associated with incorrectly distilled liquor. Thanks though! Methanol, which is also known as methyl alcohol or wood alcohol, can be toxic when ingested or absorbed through the skin, according to a U.S. Food and … Changes to Interim values and Technical Support Documents may occur prior to publication of Final AEGL values. EWG’s Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases. Methanol is harmful if absorbed through the skin. Under a final rule issued in 2019, the FDA stipulated which ingredients are allowed in over-the-counter hand sanitizers. (Further information is available through AEGL Processexternal icon). Outdoor Air: Methanol can be released into outdoor air as a liquid spray (aerosol). Fatal cases often present with fast heart rate (tachycardia) or slow heart rate (bradycardia) and an increased rate of respiration. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact the spilled agent. In any case, the internet is no place to get medical advice. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive, and/or toxic gases. See the PPE section of this card for detailed information. Determination of methanol and ethanol by gas chromatography following air sampling onto florisil cartridges and their concentrations at urban sites in the three largest cities in Brazil. Machiele [86] states that infrequent [91]. Does it really make lualatex more vulnerable as an application? Remove all clothing (at least down to their undergarments) and place the clothing in a labeled durable 6-mil polyethylene bag. Vapors may travel to the source of ignition and flash back. Stay upwind. I have just minutes ago been splashed with industrial grade methanol. Establish a preliminary (holding) morgue. Dike fire control water for later disposal; do not scatter the agent. @MARamezani it wouldn't be funny if you were a doctor or nurse or pharmacist. It’s most deadly when ingested. The FDA is warning people not to use a group of hand sanitizers that may contain methanol, a toxic form of alcohol when ingested or absorbed through the skin. Workers may be harmed by exposure to methyl alcohol. I didn't notice that my opponent forgot to press the clock and made my move. Therefore, in normal handling and use of gasoline, absorption through the skin of any methanol which may be present Methanol can cause poisoning, systemic acidosis, optic nerve damage and central nervous system (CNS) effects. Fixed dilated pupils are a sign of severe exposure to methanol. For fire involving tanks or car/trailer loads, fight the fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Methanol is not an "acceptable ingredient" in any drug, the FDA said, and can be toxic to the point of causing death. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations Issue date: 07/03/2013 Revision date: 07/21/2020 Supersedes: 03/08/2019 Version: 1.4 07/21 Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication 94-113. Always move in a downward motion (from head to toe). Immediately wash eyes with large amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. So spilling methanol on your skin is serious, but the amount in your case is relatively small. Decontamination area workers should wear appropriate PPE. [closed],…, Biochemical aspects of Methanol Poisoning. ), type of exposure (ingestion, dermal exposure, breathing etc. There is a low risk of poisoning from using sanitizer containing methanol on skin. This agent is not included in the DOT ERG 2004 Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances. Saving Lives, Protecting People, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Emergency Response Safety and Health Database, AMMONIA SOLUTION (UN 3318); AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS (UN 1005), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. OSHA [1980]. You will be fine! Qin T, Xu X, Polak T, Pacakova V, Stulik K, Jech L [1997]. Wilson LA, Ding JH, Woods AE [1991]. Brown stains on skin after working with Tollens' reagent. Methanol, the simplest alcohol, is extremely poisonous and can cause harm if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin. Why would merpeople let people ride them? How can a collision be generated in this hash function by inverting the encryption? Despite treatment, he was left permanently blind. AEGL 3 – 10 min = ** 40,000 ppm For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray, or alcohol-resistant foam. In the DOT ERG 2004 orange-bordered section of the guidebook, there are public safety recommendations to isolate a methanol (Guide 131) spill or leak area immediately for at least 150 ft (50 m) in all directions. It is a light, volatile, colourless, flammable liquid with a distinctive alcoholic odour similar to that of ethanol. In the industrial setting, inhalation of high concentrations of methanol vapor and absorption of methanol through the skin are as effective as the oral route in producing toxic effects. Sens Actuators B: Chem 13(1-3):293-296. Place all PPE in labeled durable 6-mil polyethylene bags. Begin tracking remains using waterproof tags. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements, or confined areas. Is exposure to amyloid beta proteins dangerous? Long-term exposure to methanol has been linked to headaches, mood changes, eye and skin irritation, trouble sleeping, stomach problems and visual impairment. Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use. Eng. Often poisoning happens against a background of alcohol abuse, or in a state of drug intoxication. As a result, as the second reference mentions, the liver will be able to turn methanol into formaldehyde and then formate. Methanol skin exposure serious or not? Consult with the Incident Commander regarding the agent dispersed, dissemination method, level of PPE required, location, geographic complications (if any), and the approximate number of remains. Escape mask, face shield, coveralls, long underwear, a hard hat worn under the chemical-resistant suit, and chemical-resistant disposable boot-covers worn over the chemical-resistant suit are optional items. Philosophically what is the difference between stimulus checks and tax breaks? Online I've reviewed SDS's for methanol and they all seem to say that immediate medical attention is needed, and that the person exposed can be asymptomatic for a while. Use of water spray when fighting fires may be inefficient. Writing thesis that rebuts advisor's theory. Agricultural: If methanol is released into the air as a liquid spray (aerosol), it has the potential to contaminate agricultural products. If the person who is poisoned cannot wake up, has a hard time breathing, or has convulsions, call 911 emergency services. For any poisonous material we have special terms defined. According to here an ingestion of up to 500 milligrams in an adults diet is no problem, among other trivia. Chem. A simple method for the trace determination of methanol, ethanol, acetone, and pentane in human breath and in the ambient air by preconcentration on solid sorbents followed by gas chromatography. What do you mean by "A single diet soda exposes you more than this"? The article also explains that ingestion of as little as "a teaspoon" (5 mL) has caused permanent blindness. Other: Electrolyte imbalances. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. * = > 10% LEL; ** = > 50% LEL Exposure to methanol can also cause skin irritation. Cover the patient/victim to prevent shock and loss of body heat. Quantitative accuracy in the gas chromatographic analysis of solvent mixtures. Stop the leak if it is possible to do so without risk to personnel, and turn leaking containers so that gas rather than liquid escapes. Should methanol come into direct contact with the skin, remove any contaminated clothing and wash the affected area with soap and water for 15 minutes. Is HDPE affected by long term exposure to methanol? Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tanks. How does LC50 translate to “real world” exposure for paint thinner? I guess I wasn't sure where on the spectrum this one landed. Coveralls, long underwear, and a hard hat worn under the TECP suit are optional items. Methanol, also called wood alcohol, can … Ingestion of methanol may cause a wide range of adverse health effects: Neurological: headache, dizziness, agitation, acute mania, amnesia, decreased level of consciousness including coma, and seizure. Remove the SCBA after other PPE has been removed. Many things affect the PEL for humans; such as age (kid, adult, etc. The article also explains that ingestion of as little as "a teaspoon" (5 mL) has caused permanent blindness. The decontamination zone for exiting should be upwind and uphill from the zone used to enter. Methanol can be absorbed through the skin and produce toxic effects as described. Pettersson J, Roeraade J [2003]. Methanol is a nondrinking type of alcohol used for industrial and automotive purposes. How do you distinguish two meanings of "five blocks"? It can also cause drying, cracking and inflammation of the skin as a result of its defatting action. Gather evidence, and place it in a clearly labeled impervious container. It can be absorbed into the blood stream through the skin. Make sure to get into all areas, especially folds in the clothing. Blood tests revealed he had been poisoned by methanol, an extremely toxic form of alcohol that is never supposed to be used in consumer products like hand sanitizer. 3 Effective date : 01.08.2015 Page 2 of 8 Methanol, Lab Grade, 4L Created by Global Safety Management, Inc. -Tel: 1-813-435-5161 - Wear Gas-chromatographic determination and pattern-recognition analysis of methanol and fusel oil concentrations in whiskeys. J Chromatogr A 985(1-2):21-27. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Your local poison center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in … See the Decontamination section for decontamination procedures. Limited to coveralls or other work clothes, boots, and gloves. Methanol reacts violently with strong oxidants, causing a fire and explosion hazard. Keep out of these areas. Agent presents a vapor explosion and poison (toxic) hazard indoors, outdoors, or in sewers. Ethanol (or ethyl alcohol) and isopropanol (or isopropyl alcohol) are two alcohols that can be safely and effectively used to sanitize hands and to disinfect surfaces. 1.1.4 methanol metabolism Methanol is easy and rli apdi U.S. Department of Labor, Organic Methods Evaluation Branch, OSHA Salt Lake Technical Center. In some cases, revised Interim values may be posted on this Web site, but the revised Interim Technical Support Document for the chemical may be subject to change. ", +1 for an in-depth answer after my initial comment. "[A] factory worker who spilled a gallon of methanol down his trouser leg, was dizzy on the following day, took a short nap, and woke up total blind" Biochemical aspects of Methanol Poisoning, Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. Wear PPE until all remains are deemed free of contamination. Overexposure can cause death. Talanta 49(2):245-252. Visual examination may reveal abnormal findings. Kidney failure, blood in the urine (hematuria), and muscle death at the cellular level (rhabdomyolysis) have been reported in severe poisonings. CDC twenty four seven. Level of Distinct Order Awareness (LOA) = 8.9 ppm, Technical Support Documentpdf iconexternal icon. Isolate the area until gas has dispersed. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Rub the hand sanitizer into your hands (paying special attention to the fingertips) until your skin is completely dry; it should take about 20 seconds. Contrary to popular belief, unlike ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, ethanol doesn’t generate oxidation within … Ensure that the patient/victim has an unobstructed airway. Run-off to sewers may create a fire hazard. Methanol in small amounts is not injurious. If you are … It only takes a minute to sign up. NIOSH [1994]. Reichert J, Coerdt W, Ache HJ [1993]. If the situation allows, control and properly dispose of run-off (effluent). Methanol can also degrease the skin, which may … However, if you must, personnel should wear the appropriate PPE during environmental decontamination. The skin absorpti.on study has shown that small amounts of gasoline in contact with the skin evaporate rapidly. Methanol is toxic by two mechanisms. Methanol reacts violently with oxidizing mixtures. Some are Indoor Air: Methanol can be released into indoor air as a liquid spray (aerosol). The warm zone should include two decontamination corridors. Gastrointestinal: Nausea, vomiting, lack of an appetite (anorexia), severe abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding (hemorrhage), diarrhea, liver function abnormalities, and inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis). Container to minimise radiation exposure from U-238. A NIOSH-certified CBRN full-face-piece SCBA operated in a pressure-demand mode or a pressure-demand supplied air hose respirator with an auxiliary escape bottle. Defatting is the chemical dissolving of dermal lipids, from the … Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol amongst other names, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH). Run-off from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. Like 3 months for summer, fall and spring each and 6 months of winter? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Prolonged and/or repeated contact of methanol containing hand sanitizers may cause defatting of the skin. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.

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